Industry 4.0 is the use of internet of things (IoT), industrial internet of things (IIOT), cloud computing and artificial intelligence to provide for automation and data exchange in manufacturing.

Industry 4.0 originally comes from ‘Industrie 4.0’, an initiative of the German government, which promotes the computerisation of manufacturing. Some countries and organisations use related terms such as ‘Smart Manufacturing’, ‘Digital Transformation’, ‘Factory of the Future’, ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ and ‘Smart Factories’.